American Motors What happened: Bought out by Chrysler in 1987 for $1.5billion.
Asia Motors What happened: Discontinued in 1999 when it was purchased by Kia Motors.
Austin Motor Company Limited What happened: Discontinued in 1987 as Austin Rover turned into Rover Group.
Austin-Healey What happened: Stopped making cars in 1972 after agreement between the two firms, Austin and Healey, came to an end after 20 years.
Daewoo What happened: Became defunct in 2001 after running into financial trouble, selling the majority of its assets to General Motors.
De Tomaso What happened: Filed for bankruptcy in 2012.
Devon Motorworks What happened: Closed in 2013 after suffering in the economic downturn.
Gumpert What happened: Went into liquidation in 2013.
Hummer What happened: Became unviable for GM to continue during the economic downturn in 2008. A sale to a Chinese firm never went through and the brand became defunct.
Invicta What happened: Wound up over unpaid debt in 2012, shortly after changing its name to the Westpoint Car Company.
Marcos What happened: Went into voluntary liquidation in 2007.
Maybach What happened: Was closed by Daimler in 2012 because of poor sales.
Morris Motors What happened: Discontinued in 1984 when British Leyland decided to focus on the more popular Austin brand.
Pontiac What happened: Discontinued in 2010 during restructuring of parent company GM.
Rover What happened: Was bought by Chinese firm Nanjing Automobile in 2005, but no cars are made with its badge today so it is currently a dormant brand. Technology was later used in Roewe cars, see above.
Saturn What happened: Discontinued by GM in 2009 after an aquisition bid by Penske Automotive was withdrawn.
Spyker Cars What happened: The Dutch sports car maker went bankrupt in December 2014 in a bid to sort out its finances and hopes to reform in the future.